What Are The Different Forms Of Depression

What Are The Different Forms Of Depression

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What Are The Different Forms Of Depression


Depression is a complex mental disorder which is characterized by a severe and prolonged feeling of sadness, dejection and hopelessness.

There are several different forms of depression and some of the depressive disorders are described below:

  • Major depression -- This is the most severe form of depression, in which most of the symptoms of depression are present, and they are usually more intense or severe. It is characterized by a severe despair and hopelessness, and a strong suicidal tendency. It can result either due to a shocking crisis situation in your life, or as a result of several other personal problems and disappointments throughout the life. Medication and cognitive therapy is the best treatment for major depression.
  • Bipolar disorder or manic depressive illness -- This form of depression includes episodes of mood disturbances that include distinct periods of high (when the person is optimistic and buoyant) and low (when the person has a feeling of despair and suicidal tendency) mood swings. It typically begins in adolescence or early adulthood and continues throughout life. Effective treatment is available for bipolar disorder.
  • Dysthymic disorder -- It is less severe than major depression but the symptoms are more persistent and resistant to treatment. Dysthymic disorder is a chronic disorder where low mood is experienced almost daily for a period of at least two years. Symptoms include low energy levels, sleep disorders, or appetite disturbances. These symptoms are accompanied by an extremely low self-esteem, feeling of guilt and pessimism, difficulty in concentration and memory problems. Treatment includes a combination of antidepressant medication and psychotherapy.

Other forms of depression include cyclothymic disorder, postnatal depression (PND), seasonal affective disorder (SAD), unspecified depression and adjustment disorder.

What Are The Different Forms Of Depression